Understanding the topography of the European seas
This Bathymetry Viewing and Download service provides various ways for browsing and interacting with the EMODnet Digital Terrain Model (DTM) and associated metadata by means of information map layers and specific functions per active layer. It also features a number of additional map layers with information which is relevant for the bathymetry domain. It is assumed that the user has a basic familiarity with geo-spatial tools and terminology.
The 2018 version of the EMODnet digital terrain model (DTM) itself has been created at a grid resolution of 1/16 * 1/16 arc-minutes (circa 115 * 115 meter) using the best available bathymetry data sets from an increasing number of data providers. In practice more than 9400 data sets have been included from plummets, single beam, multi beam, and LIDAR observations, from composite DTMs and Satellite Derived Bathymetry for selected coastal stretches. Despite this there are still areas where high quality bathymetry data is not available or could not be obtained. To prevent gaps in the EMODnet DTM layer, these areas have been filled with the GEBCO 2014 data. However the search for additional data continues and extra data providers are invited to share their data using the EMODnet Ingestion facility.
Although the bathymetry available is based on the best available bathymetry and every effort is made with respect to the quality assurance and quality control, it should be noted that, accuracy, completeness, reliability, usability or suitability of the bathymetry cannot be guaranteed. Therefore the data products available from this service are not to be used for navigation or for any other purpose relating to safety at sea. EMODnet assumes no responsibility for incorrect results or damages resulting from the use of the data.
Browser support is given from Firefox 35, Chrome 40, IE 11, all under Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10, and Safari 7.1, Firefox 35, Chrome 40 under OS X. Older browsers might experience problems due to the used technologies.
This service provides bathymetric data products for the European sea regions in an area specified by the EMODnet project. This covers the European arctic waters, Barentsz Sea, Norwegian Sea, Icelandic waters, Celtic Seas, Western Approaches, North Sea, Kattegat, Baltic Sea, English Channel, Bay of Biscay, Iberian Coast, West and Central Mediterranean, Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Aegean Sea, Levantine Sea, Sea of Marmara, Black Sea, the Azores, Canary Islands and Madeira. The data product is provided in one sixteenth arc minute grid, so data points are roughly 115 meters apart.
The bathymetric data product can be downloaded in different formats. Currently the following formats are supported: native EMODnet csv (EMO format), ASCII xyz, Esri ASCII grid, EMODnet NetCDF, GeoTIFF and QPS SD (Fledermaus). The EMO file is available with and without GEBCO and interpolated (INT) values. In addition a Mean Sea Level data set is available as Esri ASCII grids. The download is divided over tiles. Apart from downloading bathymetric data products the service provides information regarding point depth, transects and metadata of the underlying surveys. The EMODnet bathymetric data product is based on survey data and composite digital terrain models of hydrographic organizations and research institutes and Satellite Derived Bathymetry data products for selected coastal stretches (a complete overview of the contributing organizations and partners can be found at the EMODnet bathymetry website). The survey data itself are not directly available but the related EMODnet Bathymetry CDI Data Discovery and Access service provides facilities for identifying and requesting access to survey data sets. The used composite DTMs are described in the Sextant Catalogue Service.
Areas not covered by surveys, composite DTM's or SDB have been filled with data available from GEBCO 2014.
The Bathymetry Viewing and Download service also provides a source references layer with metadata for the detailed survey data and composite DTM's used for the EMODnet bathymetry data product.
Using the service will address the layer panel, adding a layer yourself and using the available tools in the user interface.
The service provides essentially a bathymetric map. There are several layers and these layers, when activated, can have specific functions which are displayed in the top bar by buttons.
The layers panel is the main control for choosing what kind of information you would like to examine. Although many layers can be made visible at the same time, only one layer can be active. The active layer determines the behaviour and corresponding functionality. The layer list can be selected by clicking on the down arrow of the left selection list in the function bar. Every layer has the following properties:
In addition to the available layers you can add layers yourself. Click on Add layer to initiate the process of adding a WMS layer. Complete the following steps:
Make sure the added layer is based on WGS84. WMS Layers based on projections are not supported.
The following tools are available:
|Clicking this button allows you to select and download EMODnet Bathymetry DTM tiles in various formats. This is explained in more detail below.|
|Click on the measure distance tool to measure the distance of a line. The line can be defined by clicking once on the map and dragging the mouse. Double click to define the last point of the line|
|Click on the Settings to change the way the coordinates are formatted and if the depth has to show as a positive or negative value. You can also opt to open meta data in a popup or another browser tab.|
|Clicking this button will open the Help pages|
If your browser supports HTML5 storage the user defined WMS layer(s) and predefined WMS layer settings as well as the zoom level and pan position are stored. When starting a new session the portal will be initialized with these settings. When a browser option like clearing session data when closing a tab or browser is active, the session settings are lost.
Below you will find a short description of all layers in this product and which additional options they offer.
No additional options.
Best-estimate coastlines were determined from satellite data (typically Sentinel-2 and Landsat-8) and in combination with the Global Tide Surge Model (GTSM) processed into digital coastlines for the European seas at LAT (Lowest Astronomical Tide), MSL (Mean-Sea-Level), and MHW (Mean-High-Water).Additional options:
No additional options.
No additional options.
This layer shows the contours based on the average depth. The contours are shown for the following depths: 50, 100, 200, 500, 1000, 2000, and 5000 meter
No additional options.
GEBCO Undersea Features (maintained and provided by GEBCO Sub-Committee on Undersea Features (SCUFN) which maintains and provides a gazetteer of the names, generic feature type and geographic positions of features on the seafloor. The level of detail is dependent on the viewing scale.)
No additional options.
This Wrecks layer covers all European seas and the level of detail is dependent on the viewing scale.based upon the UKHO Wrecks database)Additional options:
Legend: shows the legend of the different wreck symbols.
the source reference layer gives a map with polygons which correspond to contributing surveys and composite DTMs for which related metadata can be retrieved. For the 2018 release, metadata is supplemented with characterization of the dataset by vertical, horizontal and temporal indicators, purpose of the survey, and information about commonly adopted standards. Analysis resulted in extra maps with Quality Indicators for each source reference,Additional options:
Retrieve metadata: Click on the button to activate it and then click on a spot on the sources references layer to retrieve the metadata pop-up page of the indicated survey data set (as described in the CDI Data Discovery and Access service) or Composite DTM (as described in the Sextant Catalogue service of Composite DTMs). The selected polygon will be highlighted.
Configure displayed coverage:
Click on the button will display a pop-up page with 2 sections: 1) to display the overall coverage of the EMODnet Bathymetry area by surveys (as described by CDI entries), by Composite DTMs (as described by Sextant entries) or by GEBCO 2014. The second section allows to browse the data providers that have contributed with surveys and Composite DTMs to the present version of the EMODnet Bathymetry with their individual contributions.
the Quality Index layer has been developed by Shom and IFREMER. It is linked to the new source references layer which refers to circa 9.600 data sets (surveys and composite DTMs).Additional options:
Configure displayed quality indicator:
You can switch between various quality indicator layers. The meaning of the layers is listed below.
This layer is provided as WMS by the EMODnet Bathymetry CDI Data Discovery and Access service. It shows all survey tracks and polygons for which survey data is available in the service, and not only those that have been used for the EMODnet Bathymetry data product. Also this has a global coverage.
Retrieve metadata: Click on this option to activate. Subsequently click on an object in the map layer to retrieve meta data.
Click on a track to retrieve a summary of the meta information. Click on the summary to retrieve additional information
Order survey data: On the map draw a rectangle with your mouse over the area you wish to order survey data from by dragging and releasing the mouse button. You will be redirected to the CDI Data Discovery and access service. You can now examine all the metadata for the surveys of your choice and also can submit requests for accessing the actual survey data sets from their data providers by using the CDI shopping basket mechanism.
No additional options.
The EMODnet data products are based on the continuous average depth grid of one sixteenth arc-minute. This grid is based on three source types: Individual bathymetric surveys, composite digital terrain data (cDTM) and Satellite Derived Bathymetry. The latter two have been used whenever the actual survey data was unavailable for direct processing by the EMODnet partners. Whenever data were unavailable GEBCO data has been used to fill in the gaps.
Different layers of bathymetric data are available.The first layer is the "High resolution bathymetry" layer. The next 3 layers are the 3 Mean depth layers. These layers show the average depth in different colour ramps. Special care is taken to depict the shallow waters in a way that details of the grid are not lost. Have a look at the corresponding legend to which colour depicts which depth. The layer with mean depth full coverage not only includes the bathymetry but also a land topography both in an atlas colour style providing a useful transition from land to sea. The other two mean depth layers have multi colour ramps and no land topography, but by having the mean depth full coverage layer switched on underneath the land topography will stay visible in combination with the multicolour bathymetry.
In all 4 layers similar options are available.
This layer has been added in September 2015 to test the concept of a multi resolution product. High resolution data is available for the German North Sea coast, the French Mediterranean coast and Dunmanus bay in Ireland. Activating the layer will highlight these areas and the user is facilitated to zoom in further than in the overall bathymetry layers.
For the 2018 hundreds of new high resolution data sets have been added. These datasets can now also be downloaded directly in the EMO format using the download option at the top of the screen. Downloads will be added to the order list (see the downloads chapter).
Additional options: see below
Additional options: see below
Additional options: see below
Legend: shows the colors of the depth ranges.Retrieve Depth tool:
Click on this button to activate the function to retrieve depth and related metadata for a specific point. Click on a spot within the EMODnet bathymetric area
The pop-up windows displays metadata for the EMODnet grid cells: Depth Minimum for the grid cell, Depth Maximum, Depth, Depth Standard deviation, Number of interpolation values used for generating the grid cell value, Number of used elementary Surfaces. Depending on the position in the grid some values may not be populated.
Clicking on the Show metadata / Show product metadata buttons will retrieve another pop-up window with the metadata of the indicated survey data set as included in the CDI Data Discovery and Access service OR the metadata of the indicated composite DTM as included in the Sextant Catallogue Service for Composite DTMs OR it links to the GEBCO portal.
In case the high resolution data layer is activated the pop up will show two option for retrieving metadata. The first one, “show metadata” refers to the metadata of the source data used to generate the high resolution data set. The second option, “Product metadata” refers to the metadata of the downloadable high resolution data set itself. Note that in most cases the underlaying source data has an even higher resolution and may be available for download using the “order survey data” option (see survey/tracks/polygons and go to "order survey data".Depth profile tool:
Click on a spot within the EMODnet bathymetric area as starting point of the transect;
The GEBCO 2014 layer is a predefined layer that uses an external WMS service. This layer is used as a bathymetry background for the area outside the EMODnet scope
The Downloads button is always visible and allows you to select and download EMODnet Bathymetry data in 3 ways
DTM version 2016/2018: The 2016 version of the EMODnet DTM (1/8 * 1/8 arc minutes resolution) shows 16 tiles and the 2018 version (1/16 * 1/16 arc minutes) 64 tiles.
Zoom in on the map to the High resolution areas and click on an area to select and add to the order list
Draw a rectangle on the map with your mouse. This rectangel will be placed in the order list.
The file types have the following specifications:
After selecting a file format you can request for a product download
Clicking this button will open an order form. You can order using your Marine ID if you already have one or by just filling in your details. A correct email address is important as you will receive a message with a download link via which you can retrieve the selected data. It is advised to register for Marine ID if you will return to the downloading service multiple times as it will save you from entering your details multiple times. 'Authenticate via Marine ID' allows you to logon or to register for Marine ID.
The downloading of tiles is free and without restrictions. However the lightweight registration of your details and reason for downloading has been added allowing us to learn better our users and their applications. This will support the planning of future upgrades.
If your submit was complete and correct you should see the following message:
Subsequently (this might take a few minutes to hours depending on your order) you will receive an email with subject: Your EMODnet Bathymetry download is ready
Please note that the links in the message are active for 12 hrs and will be deleted thereafter.
3D visualization functionality has been added to the bathymetry viewing that can be used in the browser without requirement of plugins. The 3D application is based on Cesium. However a dedicated data structure has been developed by EMODnet Bathymetry based on a triangulated irregular network (TIN). Having a TIN instead of a regular grid enables faster representation of the complexity of the map (i.e. the number and size of triangles). Software has been developed to create tiles in quantized mesh format out of a raster format such as used in EMODnet DTM. Later this software will be documented and made available at GitHub and promoted at the EMODnet Bathymetry portal.
Click on the '3D' button on the bathymetry map for activating the 3D visualization functionality. The service works with the mouse as follows:
Note: The 3D service has been set to a distortion of horizontal : vertical of 1:6. The service is still in Beta and instabilities might occur, in particular when moving to fast and diving under the water surface.
The GIS layers in the Bathymetry Viewing and Download service can be shared as OGC services with other EMODnet portals and beyond. Also WMS layers from other EMODnet portals and external services can be added to the Bathymetry Viewer and Download service. The OGC services can be found at the following URLs:
More detailed information on these webservices can be found at the following page.
In addition to the data and products of EMODnet bathymetry partners use is made of the following sources:
For questions and feedback please use the Feedback button of the portal. We would really like to know your findings and ideas on how the portal could be improved.
This help text is version 5.0 and released on 28 february 2019..
The Bathymetry Viewing and Download service is built and maintained by GGSgc and partners coordinated by MARIS and on behalf of the European Commission.